Fillings are performed to remove decay, and replace the altered tooth structure. In modern dentistry, most teeth are treated with colored composite resin fillings. If they are detected and treated early on, the procedure is painless and easy. However, if they are unattended for too long the decay can lead to infection, pain, canal treatment or extraction.
Bonding is a procedure in which an adhering composite is applied to the tooth for variety of functions. It can repair the damage done by extensive decay, align the tooth or fill in gaps between teeth, or simply for cosmetic purposes. First the surface of the tooth is roughened in order to receive the bonding agent. A gel is applied to micro etch the surface of the tooth, and a primer/bond agent is applied in order to adhere the material to the surface. The material is then placed on the tooth and solidified with intensive light. Last, the composite resin is polished and shaped to give a lustrous finish.
Sealants are used to fill in narrow or intricate grooves that cannot be cleaned adequately by brushing. In some cases, cavities and plaque will build up in these areas, not due to neglect, but because the bristles are not fine enough to cover these areas. To prevent this, the dentist will coat the sealant in these grooves and crevices, making it possibly and easy to brush plaque in all areas of your mouth to prevent further issues.
NON-SURGICAL GUM TREATMENTS
The gums, bone and ligaments around the teeth are the foundation for ones teeth. All these structures are also referred to as the periodontium. When the periodontium is not healthy, the teeth are greatly jeopardized just as a house would be with a faulty foundation. Signs of gum disease include:
- Red and bleeding gums
- Persistent bad breath
- Gums pulled away from the tooth
- Changes in positioning or bite of teeth
- Loose teeth
Any one of these could indicate periodontal disease. However, if treated it is possible to restore them back to a healthy state. If you are experiencing any one of these symptoms, it is strongly recommended that you come in so that we can attend to it before a larger issue occurs. Treatment of this disease usually includes a deep cleaning, root planing done under a local anesthetic, along with local antibiotic agents. If the gum disease escalates, surgery or extraction may be necessary.